A reference list contains a list of all the sources you refer to in your writing. Typically, the reference list is provided at the end of the essay.
If there are multiple works by the same author from the same year, add a letter to the year, such as , then list the references alphabetically by title. If an author appears in single-authored references and as the first author in a multi-authored source, list the single-authored references first. The list should be ordered alphabetically by the first author’s name or title if the author is unknown. The articles “a,” “an,” and “the” should be ignored when alphabetizing.
Clear structure with intelligent debate
Before you even get to this thesis statement, for example, the essay should begin with a “hook” that grabs the reader’s attention and makes them want to read on. Examples of effective hooks include relevant quotations (“no man is an island”) or surprising statistics (“three out of four doctors report that…”). Reference all uses of outside information with an in-text, or parenthetical, citation following the quotation or paraphrase.
Make sure to include the author’s name and the relevant page number. You can cite a paraphrase in MLA exactly the same way as you would cite a direct quotation. When using secondary sources, use the phrase “as cited in” and cite the secondary source on the References page. To help you find solid references and arguments for your own review. All of this information should be included in the first paragraph of your paper.
Articles With More Than Twenty Authors
Explain how the author or the article is important with background info. Discuss the background of the source to demonstrate the author’s expertise in the field or why their conclusions are reliable. List the author’s credentials if they relate to the topic of your essay—they’ll give your writing more credibility. So, if you’re handwriting an APA-style essay, make sure to capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title and do the same for every word containing more than four letters.
For shorter works such as essays in edited collections or chapters in a book, do not italicize, put quotes around the title, or underline. List the sources in chronological order from the earliest to how to state an article in an essay the latest for multiple sources written by the same author or authors listed in the same order. The reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author for each source.
List the title and the author
Some instructors want you to avoid restating your main points; they instead want you to explain your argument’s significance. In other words, they want you to answer the “so what” question by giving your reader a clearer sense of why your argument matters.
In the morning, everyone emerges from the tent, except for two. Finally, after fifteen minutes of struggling, they free themselves, only to realize another problem. Each family member’s sleeping bag has been touching the sides of the tent. Totally disillusioned with the “vacation,” the frustrated family packs up immediately and drives home.
Brainstorm Your Topic
APA style places the year of publication after authors’ names and the relevant page numbers in parentheses after the cited material. The introduction is the first paragraph of the essay, and it serves several purposes. This paragraph gets your reader’s attention, develops the basic ideas of what you will cover, and provides the thesis statement for the essay. The thesis statement is usually only one sentence and is made up of the topic, focus, and three main points of the essay. When it comes to writing essays in college, we all need a place to start.
- These guidelines are used for all citations, whether it’s referencing a video, journal article, or report.
- Persuasive essay – Convince the reader about some point of view.
- When constructing the summary section, write down the important points and findings in the piece in your own words.
Using a published article to support your own ideas gives what you’re saying more credibility. With this option, you might also lean on the expertise of the author of the article to give you even more support. Use a summary if you only need the main point of the article. Read the entire article so you can provide a complete summary of the point of the article in a sentence or two. Then, introduce the article with your summary of what it’s about. Put the title of the article in double-quotation marks in your text.
How to Write an Article Review: Tips and Examples
Also, when you write longer papers, change your idea of support from three body paragraphs to three body sections, with as many paragraphs as necessary in each section . Firstly start with creating a title for your critique, this should be something to do with the focus of the work that is being reviewed. An approach could be to make it descriptive or also in a more creative way think of something that intrigues the reader. After the title, this is a good place to correctly cite the paper being critiqued and include the important details for example, the author, title of publication, any page references. The style in which the citation is written will depend on which is best for this type of work being reviewed.
In general, article review essays should start with a heading that includes a citation of the sources that are being reviewed. The first paragraph, which is the introduction to the article review, should provide a summary of the article highlights. This summary should not provide every last detail about the article being reviewed. Writing a successful essay depends on incorporating outside source material for support, background and emphasis.
Carla Jean McKinney has been writing professionally since 1989. She is the author of three nonfiction books and numerous published short works, as well as articles on natural sciences and the environment. Also a photographer, McKinney earned her Master of Arts at the University of Arizona and is a graduate of the Sessions School of Design.
Concluding Transition, Reverse “hook,” and restatement of thesis. The importance of this step cannot be understated ; this is, after all, the whole reason you are providing the example in the first place. Seal the deal by directly stating why this example is relevant. You can download the paper by clicking the button above.
How to Cite a Book in APA
We rely on the most current and reputable sources, which are cited in the text and listed at the bottom of each article. Content is fact checked after it has been edited and before publication. Academic writing styles require in-text citations to give how to introduce a quote credit to a source when a writer refers to someone else’s work. Though basic guidelines are similar, citation requirements vary depending on the documentation style used. Consider which documentation style is most appropriate for your area of study.
- It is a critical, constructive evaluation of literature in a particular field through summary, classification, analysis, and comparison.
- Thus, in this section, summarize the article only very briefly.
- As with journal articles you should only include the URL for a newspaper article if it is only available online and in print.
- This is a good option if the article supports your own ideas.
- Discuss the background of the source to demonstrate the author’s expertise in the field or why their conclusions are reliable.
It is essentially one sentence that says what the essay is about. You should usually state your thesis in your introductory paragraph. APA uses the author-date citation style and was created for social science and psychology research papers and essays.